To retract them would be to open the door to further oppression. Luther concluded by saying:. Unless I am convinced by the testimony of the Scriptures or by clear reason for I do not trust either in the pope or in councils alone, since it is well known that they have often erred and contradicted themselves , I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the Word of God.
I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. May God help me.
According to tradition, Luther is said to have declared, "Here I stand, I can do no other," before concluding with "God help me. The Bible itself is the arsenal whence each innovator has drawn his deceptive arguments. It was with biblical texts that Pelagius and Arius maintained their doctrines. Arius, for instance, found the negation of the eternity of the Word—an eternity which you admit, in this verse of the New Testament— Joseph knew not his wife till she had brought forth her first-born son ; and he said, in the same way that you say, that this passage enchained him.
When the fathers of the council of Constance condemned this proposition of John Huss— The church of Jesus Christ is only the community of the elect , they condemned an error; for the church, like a good mother, embraces within her arms all who bear the name of Christian, all who are called to enjoy the celestial beatitude. Private conferences were held to determine Luther's fate, but he was not arrested at Worms. Through negotiations by his prince, Frederick III , Luther had been given a letter of safe conduct to and from the hearing.
After his dismissal he departed for his home in Wittenberg.
For this reason we forbid anyone from this time forward to dare, either by words or by deeds, to receive, defend, sustain, or favour the said Martin Luther. On the contrary, we want him to be apprehended and punished as a notorious heretic, as he deserves, to be brought personally before us, or to be securely guarded until those who have captured him inform us, whereupon we will order the appropriate manner of proceeding against the said Luther. Those who will help in his capture will be rewarded generously for their good work.
The Papal nuncio at the diet, Girolamo Aleandro , drew up and proposed the denunciations of Luther that were embodied in the Edict of Worms, promulgated on 26 May.
The Edict declared Luther to be an obstinate heretic and banned the reading or possession of his writings. It was the culmination of an ongoing struggle between Martin Luther and the Catholic Church over reform, especially concerning the practice of donations for indulgences. However, there were other deeper issues that revolved around both theological concerns:. To protect the authority of the Pope and the Church, as well as to maintain the doctrine of indulgences, ecclesiastical officials convinced Charles V that Luther was a threat and persuaded him to authorize his condemnation by the Holy Roman Empire.
Luther escaped arrest and remained in seclusion at Wartburg castle for several months where he continued to write and translate the New Testament into German. Given the vast domains of the House of Habsburg, the Emperor was often on the road and needed deputies such as the Governors of the Netherlands and the Regents of Spain for the times he was absent from his territories. As such, Ferdinand became regent and governor of the Austrian hereditary lands of Charles V as well as his representative in Germany.
Ferdinand's role as chairman of the German Imperial government was never really implemented and ended in with the dissolution of the body. Ferdinand's rule of the Austrian lands in the name of the Emperor was confirmed with the secret Habsburg compact of Brussels , according to which Charles also agreed to favor the election of Ferdinand as King of the Romans in Germany which took place in Despite the agreement that he could return home safely, it was privately understood that Luther would soon be arrested and punished. To protect him from this fate, Prince Frederick seized him on his way home and hid him in Wartburg Castle.
Martin Luther's powerful testimony of faith at the Diet of Worms in made an indelible impression upon the mind of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach , who turned his eyes to the new faith earlier than any other German prince or any other member of the House of Hohenzollern.
Moreover, Luther entered into correspondence with him, discussing with him the most important problems of faith. The edict was temporarily suspended at the Diet of Speyer but then reinstated in When Luther eventually emerged from the Wartburg, the emperor, distracted with other matters, did not press for Luther's arrest. Ultimately, because of rising public support for Luther among the German people and the protection of certain German princes, the Edict of Worms was never enforced in Germany.
However, in the Low Countries comprising modern-day Belgium , Luxembourg , and the Netherlands , the Edict was initially enforced against Luther's most active supporters. This could be done because these countries were under the direct rule of Emperor Charles V and his appointed regent, Margaret of Austria, Duchess of Savoy and Charles's aunt. In December , Jacob Proost, prior of the Augustinian monastery in Antwerp , was the first Luther-supporting cleric to be arrested and prosecuted under the terms of the Worms Edict.
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In February , Proost was compelled to make public recantation and repudiation of Luther's teachings. Later that year, additional arrests were made among the Augustinians in Antwerp. Two monks, Jan van Essen and Hendrik Vos , refused to recant; on 1 July , they were burned at the stake in Brussels. When you sit down to a meal first eat all of the veggies and salad, before moving on to the main dish. This simple strategy helps to fill you up with lower calorie foods first, before moving on to the higher calorie items. Include Protein at Every Meal Each of your meals should be built around a healthy serving of protein.
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